About Groundnut :
- The groundnut belongs to the pea and bean family and is a legume. But it is considered as nut because of its high nutritional value. That is how it is used in family meals and snacks .
- The groundnut is particularly valued for its protein contents, which is of high biological value.
- The U.S. Department of Agriculture considers it having maximum five important nutrients such as food energy, protein, phosphorus, thiamin and niacin. Hence apart from their nutritional value, groundnuts have considerable medicinal value.
Natural Benefits & Curative Properties :
- Excessive Bleeding : The use of groundnuts in severe cases of epistaxis or nose bleeding and in cases of excessive bleeding during menstruation in women & also in the treatment of hemophilia, an inherited blood disease which causes hemorrhage.
- Obesity : Weight can be reduced by eating a handful of roasted groundnuts with tea or coffee without sugar an hour before lunch time. It reduces appetite and thus reduces the weight gradually.
- Diabetes : Eating a handful of groundnuts daily by diabetics will not only prevent mal‑nutrition, particularly the deficiency of niacin, but also checks the development of vascular complications.
- Diarrhoea : Chronic diarrhoea patients can benefit greatly by drinking goat's milk in which lemon is squeezed with a handful of fresh roasted groundnuts is caused due to nicotinic acid deficiency.
- Teeth Disorders : Chewing fresh groundnuts with a pinch of salt strengthens the gum, cures stomatitis, kills harmful bacteria and safeguards the enamel of the teeth. The mouth should, however, be washed with water after eating groundnuts.
- Beauty Aid : A teaspoon of groundnut oil, mixed with equal quantity of lime juice, may be applied daily on the face once before going to bed. It keeps the face fresh. Its regular use nourishes the skin and prevents acne.
- Cholesterol : Cholesterol is essential for the body's functioning, and there are two basic types; low-density lipoprotein or 'bad' cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein or 'good' cholesterol remember that oil does not contain cholesterol but helps to promote the formation of it in the body. Most cholesterol is not of a dietary nature ie it is formed within the body. It is only found in foods from animal sources such as eat, poultry, shellfish, eggs, dairy products, lard and butter.
Therapeutic Value :
- Peanut oil contains lipid-soluble compounds such as tocopherols, phytosterols, resveratrol and squalene, which have a number of health benefits for humans.
- Phytosterols are found in high concentrations in peanut oil. Recent research has shown that phytosterols.
- Inhibit cancer growth.
- Protect against heart disease by lowering high cholesterol levels caused by either dietary habits or because of genetic factors and even protect from colon, breast and prostrate cancer.
- The amount of beta-sitosterol (SIT) in peanuts and peanut products . SIT is the most widely found phytosterol in foods and new research shows it may help protect against colon, breast and prostate cancer (Wolter, Stein 2002, Delams et al. 2002). Researchers at the State University of New York in Buffalo examined the SIT content of several peanut products. peanut oil contains about 190 mg per 100 gm. making it a good source of SIT as well .
- A study by the University of Georgia (UGA) dramatically increase the amount of Resveratrol--an antioxidant and key cancer and heart disease fighter--in peanuts .
- Peanuts and peanut butter are an excellent food source of Vitamin E. They also provide approximately 2 grams of fibre per ounce, and compared to many other foods have relatively high amounts of folic acid, thiamine, niacin, copper, manganese, phosphorus, magnesium and zinc .
For your knowledge :
- Monosaturated Fatty Acid (MUFA) : This refers to a healthy fatty acid, which lowers the levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides without lowering good cholesterol levels.
- Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) : This lowers the levels of good and bad cholesterol. This is not beneficial as low good cholesterol increases the risk of developing heart disease.
- Saturated fats : When consumed in excess, it increases the levels of both the total as well as the bad cholesterol in the blood, thereby allowing fat to be deposited on the walls of the blood vessels. This promotes the formation of blood clots and heart disease.
- Unsaturated fats : These are considered good for health as they do not increase the levels of bad cholesterol.
- Filtered oil : Obtained by the traditional cold pressing method, this is filtered once or twice to remove suspended particles.